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2019/10/22 DARPA Updates Competitor Field for Flexible, Responsive Launch to Orbit

2019/10/22 DARPA Updates Competitor Field for Flexible, Responsive Launch to Orbit

In early 2020, one team will attempt to win a $10 million prize in the DARPA Launch Challenge. The Challenge aims to increase the flexibility and pace of space launch to put assets into low Earth orbit to meet national security priorities.

The remaining qualifying competitor is a space startup comprising industry veterans currently operating in stealth mode while the company works toward internal technical milestones. The team will receive notification of the first launch site in January 2020 with the first launch window targeted for February. Virgin Orbit, which entered the competition via its wholly owned subsidiary, VOX Space, exited the competition in October to focus on its upcoming commercial launches. A third team, Vector Launch, withdrew from the Challenge in September due to a change in the company’s structure and financial status.

The Launch Challenge includes two launch campaigns, which will occur in a serial manner, within weeks of one another from two different locations. The team will receive notification of the first launch site approximately 30 days from the first launch window.

“A major element of the Launch Challenge is to stress the systems that currently constrain access to space. Today, space launch is a process that begins two to three years in advance, and it relies on a limited number of launch sites with complex, expensive, and fixed infrastructure,” said Todd Master, program manager for the DARPA Launch Challenge in the Tactical Technology Office. “As indicated in the quickly narrowing field of competitors, responsive and flexible access to space remains a significant challenge. Future warfighting needs will require true space resilience, the ability to put assets into orbit quickly and from a variety of locations. It’s a fundamental shift from a strategic use of exquisite space assets to a more tactical future.”

Launch Challenge Prizes

Successful delivery of the payload into low Earth orbit in accordance with the first launch mission profile will earn a $2 million prize and is a prerequisite for participation in the second launch in a new location. Success in the second launch will earn a $10 million prize.

To be successful in the second launch, the team must again deliver its payload to orbit within the launch campaign, which is targeted to begin March 2020. A U.S. Government or DARPA-designated commercial entity will verify the team’s orbit within approximately 24 hours of payload deployment.


DARPA has coordinated Launch Challenge payloads, which will be provided directly from the payload developer to the launch team. DARPA will provide updated reference low Earth orbits approximately 30 days before the start of the launch windows.

Launch Sites

The team must provide the FAA detailed information specific to each potential launch site. The DARPA Launch Challenge has identified four launch sites for vertical lift. The potential launch sites are:

  • Naval Outlying Field, San Nicolas Island, California;
  • Pacific Spaceport Complex, Kodiak, Alaska;
  • Vandenberg Air Force Base, California; and
  • Wallops Flight Facility, Wallops Island, Virginia.

To earn a spot to compete in the DARPA Launch Challenge, teams had to successfully complete a three-step process: prequalification, DARPA Launch Challenge application, and submission and acceptance of an FAA commercial launch license application.

Image Caption: DARPA Launch Challenge

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